Personal, Social and Emotional Development (PSED), is one of the three prime areas of learning in the UK's Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) framework.
The other two prime areas are Communication and Language (CL) and Physical Development (PD).
From birth, children learn by engaging and interacting with people and their immediate environment. That's hot...it hurts...I cry...that smiling gentle
person cuddles me...I feel better. You get the idea! How we nurture little ones moulds their future. Undoubtably, it is important and therefore
wise to have some understanding of what will inspire curiosity and generate enthusiasm for learning.
The EYFS framework and guidance covers the first 5 years of a child's learning and development. The handbook is an essential document for Nursery Schools, Childminders and Carers. There is a Booklet from
the Department for Education which highlights what parents can expect from various stages of early development. It's extremely useful, follow
the links to download it from the government website and be well informed!
Back to thinking about PSE and what it means for your child...
Discovering their own capabilities.
Understanding how they fit in with others - social behaviour which influences relationships, like making friends.
Exploring their own feelings, the emotions of others and developing empathy.
Thinking back to my teacher training days, I remember Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (a little bit of psychology).
This suggests that being happy with oneself - knowing where you belong - feeling secure with your environment and those around you, are foundations to
creative learning. True for everyone! However, children need some extra help to reach the top.
How do we do that?
Follow the links above to get the EYFS booklets. Find out about and practise some of the many Learning Goals used by professionals.
In general, I believe...
- All family members and carers should have a consistent approach and expectation.
- - Create a secure environment with routine.
- - Talk about and explore feelings through books, pictures and games
- - Children love to play with friends and in groups, an important social skill builder.
I'm sure much of this will come naturally, remember, none of us are perfect but staying calm and positive is always beneficial.
Here are a few links with helpful resources
Buy quality resources from Early Year Resources
FREE Worksheets posted by teachers
'Youareawesome' unique resources & activities to explore emotions